1.1 Identify the characteristics of an effective team
The main behavioural characteristics of an effective team are:
The teams focus on the common goal
Each team member has an awareness of the goal they are trying to achieve and they work with that goal in mind. As long as the goal is shared and believed in by the team then there is a stronger likelihood that they will achieve that goal.
The team has appropriate processes to meet the goal
Good leadership is about ensuring that a team is focused on a common goal but also has the right processes in place to meet it. This is usually best accomplished y a team leader who listens to those doing the job and adjusting processes to ensure they help and not hinder the team to meet the goal.
A team that challenges the status quo
An effective team will always be looking to identify how they can achieve their goal more effectively and more efficiently than they currently are. This may mean making the job easier but only to enhance the quality and speed not for individual gain.
A team that discusses the job in terms of adapting it to make them more efficient and effective is likely to perform well. Individuals who 'chat' openly is not the same as a team with open communication.
Open communication may also entail be open with feedback on each others performance to help them develop.
A motivated team is likely to be more effective as long as the motivation has a clear structure and process to follow. If people are motivated but blocked by bad policies or difficult working conditions then the motivation will be misplaced.
A team that takes responsibility for its own performance rather than looking for everything about the job to made easier by senior management.
Commitment to the team
Individuals want the team to succeed as a whole in achieving its goal.
People within the team are aware of their role and the expectations of that role.
Positive inter group relations
The relationships are focused on the team and its performance and less so on personal relationships. Strong personal relationships do not mean the team is strong in achieving its goals.
Advantages of working in a team
Teamwork can make better use of resources and produce more and better ideas.
They are more efficient: Since teams combine the efforts of individuals, they can accomplish more than an individual working alone.
They can be faster: they can often complete tasks and activities in less time.
They can be more effective: When people coordinate their efforts, they can divide up roles and tasks to better address an issue.
Information: information can be shared amongst the team members, which increases the pool of knowledge.
There are more thoughtful ideas: Each person who works on a problem or set of tasks may bring different information and knowledge to the situation, which can result in solutions an individual would not have identified.
Motivation: Individuals can benefit from working in the team as they help motivate each other.
Greater sense of accomplishment: When members of a team collaborate and take collective responsibility for outcomes, they can feel a greater sense of accomplishment when they achieve a goal they could not have achieved if they had worked by themselves.
Support: Because team members can rely on other people with shared goals, they can receive assistance and encouragement as they work on tasks. Such support can encourage people to achieve goals they may not have had the confidence to have reached on their own.